Tabi are split-toed socks worn indoors. When going outdoors, zori, traditional Japanese sandals
are worn with tabi.
Zori is a traditional footwear for the use with kimono. It has a flat sole and a clog thong. There are cloth, leather and vinyl zori and some has gold silk brocade to make a nice match with kimono.
Geta is a traditional wooden clogs worn with casual Japanese-style attire as yukata.
The woods used are paulownia, cedar, cypress and oak.
hakama is a long pleated loose-fitting trousers. usually worn over kimono to make a formal ensemble for men.
`Homon' means `to visit' and `gi' is a `wear'. It's a formal wear both married and unmarried women. It can be worn at the parties or when calling on somebody. It's characterized by colorful designs running continuously over the seams. The length of the sleeves varies, unmarried women wear with longer sleeves. Homongi is usually worn with the double-folded(fukuro) obi with matching obi-age(bustle sash) and obi-jime(a tieng cord).
Iromuji is one- color kimono made of satin, crepe or tumugi weaving. It is worn by both married and unmarried women. It may be worn as a formal wear when it has a single crest attached in the back.
Known as a Japanese ikat, kasuri is one of the popular designs of kimono. The basic Kasuri patterns are cross and paralle cross designs. There are more complex kasuri known as the pictorial kasuri, where various Japanese disign such as pines, bamboo, plum blossoms, cranes, tortoises.
Kasuri weaving begins by pre-dyeing of thread. Bundles of thread are wrapped with cotton thread, so that certain sections of the bundles are dyed and others are not. The part of the reserved area get irregular bleeding naturall and this causes interestingy effect on Kasuri weaving. Once the thread is dyed and set, the bundles are untied.
Notable examples of these are made in Fukuoka Prefecture, Kurume-gasuri; Ehime Prefecture, Iyo-gasuri; and Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu-gasuri.
Komon kimono is the kind widely worn in town or visiting people. Small delicate patternes are equally distributed throughout the kimono. Those patterns are printed from woodblocks or dyed using stencils.
Kurotomesode is a most formal kimono for married women. It is black and has five family crests in white and usually has gorgeous and coloful patternes floating on the bottom. The silk white collar undergarment is worn under kurotomesode and makes the beautiful neckline with the contrast of white and black. It is worn when attending the relative members weddings.
Maru Obi tend to be made of the finest brocade, elegant and most formal . They are fully patterned on both sides and usually most expensive. It's length is about 4m(4 1/4ya) and
the width is 30cm(12inch).
*Either end can be short or trail section
The "meisen" style silk kimono was the most popular garment at the beginning of the Showa era. It is very different from fancy Furisode or other formal kimono, but this is one of the kimono which people wore everyday at home. The people over 60 years old feel so nostalgic seeing this kimono. The principal characteristic of meisen is its interesting surface decoration made by pre-dyed threads. As the fabric is woven the surface decoration appears as a shimmering, soft-edged pattern. The technique is related to earlier methods kasuri (ikat), in which threads are resisted before dyeing and weaving, and e-gasuri ("picture-ikat"), a Japanese innovation in which threads are resisted, rather than direct-dyed, with the use of a stencil.
Because of the events such as World War I and the Kanto earthquake( 1923 ) there was an intensified demand for silk garments, and as the result, by the beginning of the Showa period, the production and popularity of meisen kimono was at its height. Meisen kimono were affordable, durable, smart attire for everyday wear loved by everyone.
About thirty days after a child is born, it is taken to a Shintoshrine for its first shrine visit, called `miyamairi'. Mother or a grandmother holds the baby and covers him up with this kimono and ties the cord around her neck. So the baby doesn't really `wear' the kimono as you can see in the picture.
The prayer is offered to wish their growth and bright future. The grandparents and relatives come to congratulate them and tucks some gift money between that tieng cord and kimono. It is the most proud moment for the parents!
The boys kimono usually has more gold and the symbols of congratulations such as pine trees, a hawk and big hammer which is supposed to produce good things are used.
A bay girl's kimono has flowery pattern with bivrant colors.
Boy' s kimono somehow look more decorative. It may be beacuse they consider a boy as an inheritor of the family.
Michiyuki is very similer to haori jacket, except the square color in the front.
Mofuku is a mourning wear with black silk fabric with no patterns. It has five mon(family crests) and the obi to go with mofuku should be black and so are the foot wear.
Obi-jime is a cord tied at the front of the obi. It makes a beutiful accent both for obi and kimono. The cords are either braided or sewn, some are round and others are flat and usually have tassels at the bothe ends. The materials are silk, satin or gold brocade. Not only for wearing kimono, obi-jime can also be used to tie obi when they are used as a table runner or wall hanging.
Ro is an extremely light weight thin kimono worn during July and August. It is made of sheer silk which looks striped. Sha is also the representative of sheer summer kimono which looks just like ro, but the weaving is not stripe.
Shichi-go-san is seven-five-three in Japanese.
It is a gala day for children of three, five and seven years of age. On Novembr 15, parents take their childeren to Shintoshirine to offer the prayer for children's growth. The ages of three and five for boys and three and seven for girls are celebrated. on that day, the children are dressed up in a gala kimono or fancy clothes to go to the shirines. There, they are given thousand year candy, which is long and thin in the paper bags with the pictures of crane and turtles. Cranes and turtles are the symbols of longevity.
Tsukesage is worn at either formal or informal occasions and refers to the way in which the patterns are dyed.The patterns of hemline go upward and meet at the top of the shoulders and the patterns on the sleeves also are the same. As a formal wear, it should have a crest on the back.
Tsumugi originated with farmers who made use of cocoons left over after they had sold their best silk to market.They collected the floss from the cocoons, spin(tsumugi) it by hand into thread and weaved kimono for themselves.
Stripes, checks and the splash pattern kasuri are the typical designs for Tsumugi.
Yuki, Oshima,Kumejima and Tokamachi are well known for Tsumugi
Yukata is a summer Kimono, made with cotton with no lining. Yukata is still loved and worn, especially when you stay at Japanese hot spring resort or hotels. It is roomy and cool relaxing wear. At summer festivals, people enjoy bon-dance or fireworks in yukata and a fan in the hand.
The most traditional designs are simple navy blue patterns on white base or white patterns on navy blue base. Young people enjoy yukata with both traditional designs and modern designs by young designers.
Yuzen is one of the most famous kind of dyeing technique of Kimono. The characteristics of "yuzen" are its hand paintings and picturesque patterns. The sublime beauty of Yuzen still catches the heart of everyone.
There are two main techniques of Yuzen: "tegaki-yuzen" (hand painted) and "kata-yuzen" (printed). Yuzen dyeing techniques use paste as the resist for dyeing the pattern. After the pattern is first sketched on the cloth using a juice squeezed from spiderworts, the paste is applied over this. Then, colors are added to the pattern according to the dye and pigment. Next, the completed pattern is covered with paste and the dye is added by a brush. After the colors are fixed, the paste is removed by waving the cloth in the running water. The beautiful patterns remain perfectly on the cloth. At the Kamo River in Kyoto every year in August, you can see many Yuzen artisans washing the rolls of the painted cloth in the running water. It is a beautiful scenery of Kyoto in August. Some of the various styles of "yuzen" were also developed in different regions:
"Kaga-yuzen" (Kaga . Kanazawa) "Kyo-yuzen" (Kyoto) "Tokamachi-yuzen" (Tokamachi . Niigata) "Nagoya-yuzen" (Nagoya)
More about haori
Haori is a lightweight coat worn over kimono. It was used as a jacket or to prevent the kimono from becoming soiled and wet. It isn't meant to close in front, so you can just put on as a jacket. Men's black haori can be worn just as a blazer for woman. It matches perfectly with black pants or skirt.
For men, it is regarded as an essential kimono attire along with the hakama, the long pleated loose-fitting trousers. Black haori and hakama make the most formal ceremonial ensemble. Men's haori often have unique pictures, woven, painted or printed on their linings. The mtotifs have a great variety, from the Noh play to animals. You can even find the pictures with a militaristic tone. Both men's and women's haori can be worn as a jacket or blazer and also men's haori can be excellent for wall hanging with the inside out.
The black haori made of silk or crepe and bearing a single family crest at the back mid seam is called the kuro montsuki haori. It is worn for ceremonies.